|City area:||7.08 km2|
|City population:||16,209 (2011)|
|Avg. house price:||$889,000|
|Avg. condo price:||$674,000|
|Avg. # Of Listings:||105|
Located in the heart of the Capital Region, five minutes from downtown Victoria, Esquimalt is surrounded by water and is endowed with over 30 parks, beaches, and green spaces.
Esquimalt had a population of 16,209 in 2011. It covers 7.08 square kilometres. It is home to the Pacific fleet of the Royal Canadian Navy.
The region now known as Esquimalt was settled by First Nations people approximately 400 years before the arrival of Europeans. The treaties of the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), signed in 1843, refer to these people as the Kosampsom group, though they are now known as the Esquimalt Nation.
The Township of Esquimalt was incorporated on September 1st, 1912. Esquimalt’s attractions include the West Bay walkway, a boardwalk between Esquimalt and Victoria, modern recreational facilities, the Gorge Vale 18-hole Golf course, luxurious bed and breakfasts, and a historic world-class inn.
Canadian Forces Base Esquimalt (CFB Esquimalt) is home to Maritime Forces Pacific (MARPAC) of the Royal Canadian Navy. The base facility dates back to the fur trade era, before the founding of the Colony of Vancouver Island in 1849.
Esquimalt has three public schools operating within the Greater Victoria School District (School District 61) and a French first language school operated by the Conseil Scolaire Francophone (called L'ecole Victor-Brodeur), the public school district that represents francophone students throughout the province. The middle school is Rockheights Middle School, while the high school is Esquimalt High, with Macaulay as the Elementary School.
The Esquimalt Nation is a small nation with approximately 150 members living on reserve and another 100 living off reserve. Off reserve members live in Victoria, in other parts of Vancouver Island and BC, Alberta, and in a number of communities in Washington State.
The families that were collectively known as Lekwungen, or Songhees, had their permanent winter villages on Vancouver Island. These traditional territories included: Teechamitsa (the western boundary; its most southern coastal points were at Albert Head/Parry Bay (now Metchosin) and about ten miles inland “to the range of mountains on the Sanitch arm”. Kosapsum (Esquimalt).
Whyuwmilth (which extended north from the mouth of Millstream, in the Esquimalt Harbour, to the mountains near Goldstream). Swengwhung (roughly the James Bay neighbourhood of what is now Victoria).Chlicowitch (roughly the Fairfield neighbourhood of what is now Victoria). Cheko’nein (eastern territory included Point Gonzales and Mount Douglas). In the summers, the Lekwungen would travel to various fishing sites on Henry and the San Juan islands*.
Source: Wilson Duff’s “Fort Victoria Treaties”. BC Studies Number 3, Fall 1969 pp.3-57.
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